Birth is suffering; ageing is suffering;
sickness is suffering; death is suffering;
association with the unpleasant is suffering;
dissociation from the pleasant is suffering;
not to get what one wants is suffering;
in short, attachment to the five aggregates is suffering.
--Dhamma-cakkappavattana Sutta, Sajyutta Nikaya, LVI(XII). ii. 1.
Chain of Conditioned Arising 缘起
Forward Order: 流转次第：
With the base of ignorance, reaction arises;
with the base of reaction, consciousness arises;
with the base of consciousness, mind and body arise;
with the base of mind and body, the six senses arise;
with the base of the six senses, contact arises;
with the base of contact, sensation arises;
with the base of sensation, craving and aversion arise;
with the base of craving and aversion, attachment arises;
with the base of attachment, the process of becoming arises;
with the base of the process of becoming, birth arises;
with the base of birth, ageing and death arise,
together with sorrow, lamentation, physical and mental sufferings and tribulations.
Thus arises this entire mass of suffering.
Reverse Order: 还灭次第：
With the complete eradication and cessation of ignorance, reaction ceases;
with the cessation of reaction, consciousness ceases;
with the cessation of consciousness, mind and body cease;
with the cessation of mind and body, the six senses cease;
with the cessation of the six senses, contact ceases;
with the cessation of contact, sensation ceases;
with the cessation of sensation, craving and aversion cease;
with the cessation of craving and aversion, attachment ceases;
with the cessation of attachment, the process of becoming ceases;
with the cessation of the process of becoming, birth ceases;
with the cessation of birth, ageing and death cease,
together with sorrow, lamentation, physical and mental suffering and tribulations.
Thus this entire mass of suffering ceases.
--Paticca-samuppada Sutta, Sajyutta Nikaya, XII(I). 1.
Through countless births in the cycle of existence
I have run, not finding although seeking the builder of this house；
and again and again I faced the suffering of new birth.
Oh house builder!
Now you are seen.
You shall not build a house again for me.
All your beams are broken,
the ridgepole is shattered.
The mind has become freed from conditioning;
the end of craving has been reached.
--Dhammapada, XI. 8&9(153&154).
When past conditioning is erased and no fresh one produced,
the mind no longer seeks for future birth.
The seed consumed, cravings no more arise.
Such-minded wise ones cease like [the flame of] this lamp.
--Ratana Sutta, Sutta Nipata, II. 1.
Impermanent are all compounded things.