Abstract: According to the entropy increases principle, I make a deduction that photon is ultimate elementary particle of matter and further more, it shows photon s physical characteristic and physical constants affect the physical law and physical constants of the whole universe. In this essay, I try to take a lead for the study of elementary particles and the grand unified physics.
Key words: photon, elementary particle, information, entropy, rest mass, grand unification.
Physicists have been searched for elementary particle of matter. Bat what is elementary? People find it hard to answer this question. From china ancient books--The Book of Changes, we know that Taiji produces two Yi. Two Yi produce four quadrant, four quadrant produce eight diagrams. Eight diagrams produce all the things in the universe. Grand means endless. But the taiji is the great void, isn t it that ZERO matter? We know that photon s rest mass is zero. If the ZERO matter is photon, isn t it that photon is the ultimate elementary particle of matter ? We know that infinitesimal limit is zero. If so, isn t it that ultimate elementary particle of matter is photon?
Meanwhile, nowadays physicists are trying hard to search for the physics law, the physical constants and the theory of grand unification. If we have defined what the ultimate elementary particle is, we re then sure that the physics law and the physical constants of the ultimate elementary particle have certain relation with the physics law and the physical constants in the universe.
The modern superstring theory is considered as grand unification by some people, a theory which includes everything and describes every natural power under the mathematical framework. In the view of superstring theory, string is the most basic unit and all the elemental particle which formed the universe, for example, electron, photon, quark and neutrino are its specific states. Up till now, the string theory is only a scientific
hypothesis. The human being haven t observed the basic string, yet. The superstring theory is very hard to be proved through experiment, since the extra dimension space is curled so limited, people have to build a particle accelerator as enormously as the galaxy to do the experiment.
According to Kurt Friedrich Gode s un-completeness theorem on math field, in any self-evident axiom form system, there always exits a problem which could not be proved right or wrong of its definition. That s to say any theory has some unsolved problems. Therefore, the grand unification doesn t include all the branch physics theories, while it becomes a common and basic part of all the branch physics. So it must be the most simple and elegant one.
I try to take a lead for the study of elementary particle and the grand unification. This essay is based on the existing theories (e.g. theory of relativity, thermodynamics law) and then it forms a new theory. After all, it isn t built on a new hypothesis.