The ocean, which is a basic component element of the global life supporting system, covers 71% of the surface of the earth. It is also a treasure house of resources and an important conditioner. The development of the human society is inevitably having an increasing reliance on the ocean.
The 21st century is a new century for the human being to exploit and utilize the ocean. To protect the maritime laws and principles fixed by the “United Nations Sea Law Convention” and the oceanic environment, maintain the health of the ocean, and ensure the sustainable utilization of oceanic resources and the maritime safety, has become the standard that all the human beings comply with and the mission that being undertaken together.
China is a big developing costal country, which prioritizes the oceanic exploitation and protection. It takes the development of the marine cause as the state development strategy, and strengthens integrated management of the ocean. Besides, China also continuously perfects its oceanic laws and systems and actively develops the oceanic scientific technology and education. The country actively takes part in the oceanic events belong to the UN system, promoting the cooperation on the ocean area amongst countries and regions. What is more, China seriously performs the obligation belongs to itself and makes a great contribution to the global oceanic exploitation and protection.